Finding out more: where can I get more information on open access?

This section provides some background information on the topic of open access.

The Budapest Open Access Initiative was issued in 2002. It provides advice on publishing and a definition of open access which has become generally accepted. 

The Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities was signed by German and international research organisations in 2003. Signatories from Germany include the German Research Foundation, the Science Council, the German Library Association, the German Rectors' Conference, and research organisations including the Fraunhofer Association, the Helmholtz Association, the Leibniz Association and the Max Planck Society.

The Open Access Network Information Platform offers more in-depth information on the topics addressed here. It is aimed at all the different target groups in the academic and research communities.


Important note: The information and links provided here do not represent any form of binding legal advice. They are solely intended to provide an initial basis to help get you on the right track. ZB MED – Information Centre for Life Sciences has carefully checked the information included in the list of FAQs. However, we are unable to accept any liability whatsoever for any errors it may contain. Unless indicated otherwise, any statements concerning individual statutory norms or regulations refer to German law (FAQ updated 02/2022).


Jasmin Schmitz,

Dr. Jasmin Schmitz
Head of Publication Advisory Services

Phone: +49 (0)221 478-32795
Send mail

Related links

Budapest Open Access Initiative
Open Access Network Information Platform

Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities of 22 October 2003. OPEN ACCESS Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. (accessed 20/12/2022)